You are here: Home » The Casentino valley » Medieval castles

Medieval castles

Guidi's Family

Casentino valley is rich of history, arts and culture. During the Medieval Age, around 1000, all the valley was under domination of Guidi's Family

Guidi's dominated for all the Medieval Age of the Casentino and Romagna valleys, built castles placing them in strategic point of access to the valleys.

If you come on holidays here, you should plan to dedicate 2 days to visit medieval castles.

Castle of Chiusi della Verna

Emperor Ottone I donated to Goffredo di Ildebrando Catani the feudal area of Chiusi in year 967. This area included Badia Tedalda, Pieve Santo Stefano and Verghereto in the near Val Tiberina and Chitignano, Compito, Sarna and Vezzano in the Casentino Valley.

The castle was built at the centre of the area, and now you can only see the ruins of the castle, following the road that from from the village of Chiusi della Verna go towards the Sanctuary and taking on the right after 1km about.


Poppi is another castle owned by Guidis. It maintains the better state of an ancient house, placed in a suggestive and central position of the Casentino valley, in one of the most beatiful medieval villages of Italy.

Your have absolutely to visit the internal courtyard, the frescos in the big saloon at the first floor, the eccentric column, and Taddeo Gaddi's frescos, a cadet of Giotto, in the castle chapel.

On summer it begins center of exibitions and many cultural events such as the marvellous fireworks show that usually takes place on the third Saturday in July during the feast of twinning.


Taken from Niccolò Piccinino and soldiers from Milan in 1440, this castle was donated during Granduca Cosimo reign to Neri Capponi.

In XVII century it was in ruins and sold to Goretti Flamini family.

Palagio fiorentino castle in Stia

Palagio Fiorentino castle in Stia is seat of exibitions and other cultural initiatives on summer.

In the early years of XIX century, Carlo Beni restored the castle and built the ornithologic museum.

Today is also the seat of the museum of contemporary art thanks to an american collectionist donation.

Nearby Stia there are also Porciano and Papiano castles.

Castel San Niccolò

Castel San Niccolò is located above Strada in Casentino è, on the right side of the Solano river.

The original name of the placement was Poggio di Ghiazzuolo and a history tells that why and how it changed name. Poggio Ghiazzuolo was infested by demons, and the were driven away from a pilgrim who has the S. Niccolo's reliquia.

Just owned by Guidi's in 1253, they controlled the castel to 1348, year of a popular rebellion against Galeotto Guidi; the castle was then protected by Florence.

The internal distribution of rooms was changed, but it maintained its architecture to XVIII century when it became a farm house.

At the end of sixties of XX century Giovanni Biondi buyed and restored the castle.


Flaminia Minor is an ancient street crossing the Casentino Valley. In past it started in Poppi and passed other villages in direcion of Florence, and Montemignaio was strategic because the ancient street passed from it.

Montemignaio was set of Guidi's ancient rectangual manner with imponent walls.

As in Romena, here you have the castle in dominant position and the parish church of Santa Maria Assunta at a lower position.